Mercerization is a process where cotton or yarn is treated with 1-2% caustic soda solution at temperature of 20-30ºC. It is necessary to hold the fabric under tension and wash thoroughly.
Benefits obtained by Mercerization/Objectives:
  1. Increase tensile strength.
  2. Improved hygroscopicity.
  3. Improved smoothness.
  4. Improved luster.
  5. Improved dimensional stability.
  6. 20-30% dye and chemical same while dyeing after mercerization.
Effect of mercerizing condition:
  1. Concentration of caustic soda solution.
  2. Temperature (15-25ºC).
  3. Tension.
  4. Time.
  5. Wash thoroughly.
  6. Wetting agents (0.5-1.0gm/l).
The effect of mercerized cotton depends on various factors:
  1. Cross-section of the fiber.
  2. Staple length of the fiber.
  3. Wall thickness of the fiber.
  4. Concentration of sodium hydroxide.
  5. Temperature of mercerization solution.
  6. Tension.
  7. Yarn construction.
  8. Yarn twist.
  9. Doubling of yarns.
  10. Degree of singeing.
  11. Application of tension.
  12. Rate of drying etc.


  1. This comment has been removed by the author.

  2. This comment has been removed by the author.

  3. I as of late ran over your website and have been perusing along. I thought I would leave my first remark. I don't realize what to say aside from that I have delighted in perusing. Decent blog. I will continue going to this online journal frequently. rubbing fastness

  4. This could be considered a time when you find yourself led to new inspiration, or permit all by yourself to sink into religious confusion!

  5. Once more this blog is very nice.I genuinely like a particularly astonishing spread out blog. Girl Delhi By CNBC news I will continue to come here and again.Visit my relationship other than.


Spamming is strictly Prohibited. Each and every Spam Comment will be deleted soon. So stay away from Spamming.