Classification of Stitch

There are many classes of stitch. Among then chain stitch and lock stitch are commonly used in garments production. Stitch class is usually expressed numerically such as stitch class-100, stitch class-200, stitch class-300, stitch class-400 etc.
Stitch class-100:
Feature:
  1. It is the simples stitch class.
  2. In is formed by using intra looping mechanism.
  3. Here, only needle thread is used to produce this stitch.
  4. It is most commonly used thread in garments.
  5. Plain stitch machine is used to form this stitch.
Uses:
  1. Used for button holing, button attaching, zipper joining etc.
  2. For temporary joining of some parts.
  3. It is only used for hamming and lace joining.
Stitch class-300:
Feature:
  1. Stitch class-300 is known as lock stitch.
  2. Two sets of thread are required to form the stitch.
    1. Needle thread.
    2. Bobbin thread.
  3. Stitch is formed by using the principle of interlacing.
  4. Normally coarser count thread is used to form the stitch.
  5. The strength of lock stitch is comparatively less than the multithread chain stitch.
  6. Suitable for woven garments than knit garments.
  7. SPI is comparatively less than that of multithread chain stitch.
Stitch class-400:
Feature:
  1. Stitch class-400 is known as multithread chain stitch.
  2. Two sets of thread is required to form the stitch.
    1. Needle thread.
    2. Looper thread.
  3. The stitch is formed by using the mechanism of interloping.
  4. Finer count thread is used to form this stitch.
  5. Stitch density (SPI) is very high as compared to lock stitch.
  6. Strength of multithread chain stitch is higher than lock stitch.
  7. Multithread chain stitch machine is used to form the stitch.
  8. Suitable for both woven and knit fabric.

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