The thin and transparent paper on which all necessary different pattern pieces for all size for a particular style of garment are placed to collect their replica for smooth cutting of fabric is called marker. This is done in such a way that fabric wastage would be least .marker width should be equal or less than fabric width. Its length depends on the no. of pattern pieces that will be packed on it.
Importance of marker making in garments technology: The importance of marker making is given below,
  1. Optimizing textile materials utilization through marker making.
  2. Proper marker planning and making is the heart of garments manufacturing.
  3. Without proper marker making it is almost impossible to ensure proper spreading and cutting.
  4. It helps a lot to reduce fabric waste.
  5. And the most important thing is to save money.
Types of marker with their merits and demerits: Marker is two types. These are,
  1. Long marker
  2. short marker
Long marker: when the volume, size, style of garments is more then the marker is called long marker.
a) Large scale production
b) Time saving
c) Less wastage of fabric  
d) Cost minimizing type
a) Require large space
b) Less efficient
Short marker: The marker which contains less volume, style and size then it is called short marker.
a) Requires less space
b) Highly efficient
a) Take higher time
b) Lower scale production
Constrains of marker making:
1. Marker width: Marker width must be equal or less than fabric width.
Marker width= (fabric width-1/2”*2”)
2. Marker length: Marker length must be less than fabric length.
Marker length= (fabric length-1*2)
3. Grain line: Grain line is indicated in every piece of the pattern. When pattern pieces are laid down across the fabric the grain line should be parallel to warp in woven fabrics and to Wales in knitted fabrics.
4. Pattern direction: All the pieces placed on the marker should be in same direction.
5. Length and cutting table: Should be higher than the fabric length.
6. Production planning: Production planning should be done according to the volume style and size of the garments order.

Methods of Marker Making:

Marker making can be classified into two types. These are:

1.      Manual method.

2.      Computer method.

Manual method:

1.      Suitable for small amount of production.

2.      Marker efficiency is lower.

3.      Initial investment is not high.

4.      Marker can not be prepared quickly.

5.      High production cost.

6.      Highest wastage of fabric.

Computerized method:

1.      Suitable for large scale of production.

2.      Marker efficiency is higher.

3.      Initial investment is high.

4.      Marker can be prepared very quickly.

5.      Low production cost.

6.      Low wastage of fabric.